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The Unicist Evolutionary Approach in the 4IR

The Unicist Conceptual Methods are based on the unicist evolutionary approach and were developed to provide structural solutions for businesses. 

These methods are the tools, drivers and catalysts to build adaptive business solutions. The use of these methods includes the necessary functional knowledge to manage the know-how and the know-why of business functions and processes.

The Unicist Evolutionary Approach to business is based on the emulation of the organization of nature. Nature is essentially organized by processes, roles and objects and the unicist approach emulates this organization in businesses.

The Unicist Conceptual Methods

Business Processes in the 4th Industrial Revolution

The 4th Industrial Revolution introduced a paradigm shift that allows managing businesses as adaptive environments. This requires changing the approach to businesses because:

  1. The theoretical approaches are valid in systemic environments, but they are not valid to deal with adaptive environments that have open boundaries. These approaches become hypothetical.
  2. Empirical approaches are valid to deal with the past and the present, but they are not valid to develop strategies because they involve the future that might not be symmetric. They become subjective approaches.

Conceptual methods were developed to manage systemic and adaptive environments dealing with their past, present and future to increase the generation of value. They are the core to build adaptive business processes. 

Introduction

The unicist methods were developed to provide a conceptual framework, an action guide and procedures to manage business problems. The goal of the methods is to build a simple way to manage problems in a collaborative way in order to take advantage of the collective knowledge and avoid generating resistance to solutions.

The unicist methods allow defining business processes considering both the maximal strategies to expand the boundaries of an activity and the minimum strategies to ensure the survival of the business. As a synthesis, it can be said that there are five different levels of methods where the superior level contains the preceding level. These levels are:

  • Level 1) Operational Methods
  • Level 2) Analytical Methods
  • Level 3) Systemic Methods
  • Level 4) Conceptual Methods
  • Level 5) Evolutionary Methods

The Concept of the Unicist Evolutionary Methods

The purpose of the unicist evolutionary methods is to provide a procedure to ensure the results of work processes using the efficacy of people and the efficiency of the systems. Efficacy is defined as the capacity of individuals to generate results responsibly and efficiency is defined as the potential capacity of a system to generate results.

The unicist design method is a conceptual approach that integrates the necessary technical-analytical aspects of the business process in order to define business architectures and IT architectures. It includes the integration of the design of efficacy and efficiency.

This implies that the unicist methods define the procedures that guide the efficacy that is necessary in order to expand the boundaries of a business activity and the efficiency to ensure its functionality.

The Unicist Methods – Introduction

In order to introduce the ontogenetic map of the unicist methods, we need to clarify that these methods are driven by three different but integrated “knowledge objects”:

  • The conceptual design of a solution that is based on the unicist ontological structure of the function that is being designed.
  • The unified field of the solution that integrates the processes, roles and objects with the restricted and wide contexts.
  • The layout of processes and roles of the solution that defines the timing and roles necessary to achieve the goals.

The use of unicist methods requires avoiding shortcuts because these three objects establish the structure of any system.

The Different Levels of Methods

As it has been mentioned before, there are five different levels of methods considering that each of them has a core functionality.

Business Design Methods
The level of the methods to be used is defined by the objectives that need to be achieved. The objective of defining different levels of methods makes the unicist methods become functional and accessible for all the members of an organization.

Level 1) Operational Methods: They are functional to provide a guide for operation.

Level 2) Analytical Methods: They are functional for simple problem solving.

Level 3) Systemic Methods: They are functional for operational organization design and systemic problem solving.

Level 4) Conceptual Methods: They are functional for solution building.

Level 5) The Unicist Evolutionary Methods: They are functional for organizational design and complex solution building.

These methods are hierarchical, which implies that the method of inferior level is considered as a subcategory of the superior level.

Operational Methods

They are functional to provide a guide for operation. They are based on a transparent, clear and straight-forward guidance that allows individuals to identify the patterns and actions that are needed to operate.

They include a quality assurance system to avoid mistakes. Operational methods cannot include ambiguity in order to ensure their efficiency. They are based on a dualistic approach that defines what needs to be done and what cannot be done and establishes the measurable goals to be achieved and the categories of actions that are functional.

Analytical Methods

They include the operational methods and their goal is to solve the problems that might appear at an operational level. It requires managing the layout of processes and roles of a specific action field.

They are based on analytical and empirical tools that allow identifying and solving the problems that cannot be managed at an operational level. They are based on categorizing the possible patterns that are dysfunctional.

They provide functional empirical solutions. They are based on using a technical-analytical approach to problems to define their causes, without seeking their root causes, using a propositional logic to find the solutions.

Systemic Methods

They are based on the analytical methods and their goal is to organize operational processes and solve the systemic problems of a process.

This requires finding the “root causes” of a problem, which is based on discovering the necessary causes that define the roots of the problem. It also requires discovering the “limit causes”, which define what is and what is not possible to be achieved and the triggering causes, which are those that triggered the problem. The systemic methods require managing the unified field of a process, which includes both the restricted and wide contexts of a process. These methods require managing the fuzzy aspects of a problem.

This requires dealing with ambiguity and the necessary empathy to assume the responsibility for solving a problem in a unified field.

Conceptual Methods

They are based on the systemic methods and their goal is to build solutions. Conceptual design is a technology that has been developed to build solutions in adaptive environments.

It requires managing an integrative logic, which implies accepting that all the entities of a complex adaptive environment are integrated by the conjunction “and” without the possibility of the existence of disjunctions “or”.

The conceptual methods are action oriented, because mental concepts are the drivers of human actions. Therefore, these methods require using an implicit or explicit predicate logic.  It allows using concepts in terms of the actions that are implicit.

These methods integrate the specifics of a solution within the restricted and wide contexts to provide a conceptual design that enables designing and organizing a solution.

Unicist Evolutionary Methods

The unicist evolutionary methods integrate the conceptual, systemic, analytic and operational methods based on their complementation and supplementation.

The unicist evolutionary methods include both conceptual knowledge and technical knowledge in order to provide solutions. This approach integrates the adaptive procedures with the non-adaptive procedures to drive action.

It allows integrating the triad of the conceptual design, the unified field and the layout of processes and roles in an integrated unified field to establish the necessary methods using plain language that can be used having empirical knowledge.

Expert Systems to Sustain Methods

The unicist expert systems are alternative tools for any method that deals with business problem solving or solution building.

They were developed to manage the fundamentals of business processes by managing the root causes of processes to develop solutions in adaptive environments.

With multiple specialized modules to solve specific problems, these systems manage the unified field of the business processes to manage their functionality, dynamics and adaptability. 

The Unicist Research Institute