The emulation of nature requires integrating the KNOW HOW and the KNOW WHY of any action. The “know why” allows defining what is possible to be done and the know how allows doing it. This implies integrating conceptual knowledge with technical knowledge that allows making an extreme simplification of complex processes and ensuring the results. The emulation of nature is based on the discovery of the ontogenetic intelligence of nature that regulates the evolution of living beings and natural entities.
This ontogenetic intelligence underlies the actions of human beings, which are driven by the concepts that individuals have. The concepts that guide human actions, which are homologous to the ontogenetic intelligence of nature, allow understanding the evolution of things and adapting in an environment.
The emulation of nature requires having an adaptive behavior in the environment. Adapting requires: 1) exerting influence in the environment; 2) managing the influence of the environment. It requires using the conjunction “and” without using the disjunction “or”.
This paradigm shift in sciences made the complex adaptive systems become reasonable, understandable and predictable. Such paradigm shift allowed defining what is possible to be achieved and not only approaching reality with a probabilistic approach.
The paradigm shift is based on a pragmatic, structural and functionalist approach that subordinates the preexisting empirical approaches. It integrates the observable facts with the “nature of things”.
The History of the Evolution of Sciences
A) The first stage of collective knowledge was covered by religions, that provided the “WHAT” was acceptable as necessary knowledge. In the times when the knowledge was based on religious beliefs, the emulation of nature was a heresy.
B) The second step was provided by the development of empirical sciences that provided the “KNOW HOW” to deal with the environment. In the era of empirical sciences, the emulation of nature was a utopia.
C) The last step was the inclusion of the “KNOW WHY”, which required the comprehension of the nature of things and was provided by complexity sciences. The emulation of nature became possible in the era where complexity became manageable by emulating the logic that underlies nature. This is the paradigm shift in sciences.
NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in using the unicist logical approach in complexity science research and became a private global decentralized leading research organization in the field of human adaptive systems. It has an academic arm and a business arm.