To design adaptive information systems it is necessary to know their ontologies. To do so an individual needs to reflect in order to make the conceptual design. This conceptual design is in fact the strategy to allow the system to behave in an adaptive way.
Reflection is a necessary path towards strategy when there is an ambiguous context. When there is no ambiguity, there is no need to develop strategies. Action plans are the way to influence reality.
We define reflection as an individual’s apprehension of the structure of a reality to find ways to influence it. Individuals face either simple or complex problems.
The energy needed to influence complex problems is extremely higher than the one needed to influence simple problems.
Cause-effect analysis suffices to solve simple problems. Consistent thinking is the functional tool to solve a simple problem.
But when we face complexity, which necessarily includes bi-univocal cause-effect relations, it is necessary to go beyond a thinking process and approach reality reflecting on it.
The ontology of reflection defines its nature. The unicist ontology describes the structure of reflection. To understand reflection it is necessary to apprehend its purpose: Exert influence on the environment.
Influence building implies an effort to find a path toward influential thinking and reflecting on reality.
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NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute is the major research organization in the world in its specialty based on more than 3,500 researches in complexity science, developed since 1976 until September 2010, applied to individual, institutional and social evolution. The applicative researches are based on the discovery of the Ontogenetic Intelligence of Nature and the consequent Unicist Theory of Evolution.