Behind any economic action there is a utopia that sustains it. This implies that the drivers of utopias are the materialistic needs of a culture or an individual.
This research triggered the extreme criticism from some segments of “intellectuals” or “spiritualists” who consider that the utopias come from the world of the ideas or from the spirit.
This research demonstrated that they are built as ideas but triggered by materialistic scarcities.
That is why those countries where economic freedom is fostered evolve faster because new utopias are permanently triggered by the participants of the economic activity.
The Unicist Ontological Structure of Utopias
Utopias can be seen from two different standpoints:
- The dysfunctional
- The functional
From the dysfunctional standpoint utopias are a sort of “fantasies”. From a functional standpoint they foster the evolution of cultures.
Utopias’ purpose is to upgrade cultures opening the possibilities of actions and providing a catharsis to sustain evolution.
A social utopia is functional to the next level of evolution. The upgrade of a culture happens because a utopia is installed to overcome the implicit weaknesses of a specific situation of a culture.
This opens new possibilities of action, establishing at the same time a cathartic context that allows failing before achieving the upgrade of the culture.
From an operational essential standpoint, utopias open possibilities, allowing cathartic “explosions”, introduce motivation for action and establish shared goals for the future.
This integration has functional and dysfunctional aspects. But illusory goals should be considered together with possible goals in their oneness.
From a strict standpoint, a maximal strategy that depends on the external environment of the society is somehow an illusory goal to be achieved.
In the field of utopias, illusions, actions, doing and communicating are nor separated concepts but one to achieve the final goal that is upgrading a society.
Operationally, four segments of utopias can be described:
Illusory utopias are those that basically provide catharsis to the members of a society. Involving cultures are driven by illusory utopias based on heroic projects that will “change the history” (typical title for illusory utopias).
Illusory utopias become functional when they are part of challenging and possible projects, providing the extreme possibilities to go beyond the boundaries of a situation.
They are the rational utopias that are built upon theoretical possibilities developing projects that should be achievable. Hypothetic utopias provide a framework of truths to sustain their ideas. They are necessary to widen the boundaries of the possibilities and sustain the need of freedom of dependant societies.
Hypothetic utopias allow people to think that they will be able to change a situation anytime based on their rationalized social intentions.
Possible utopias are those that allow building synergy in societies. This synergy is based on a shared project that can be done with the integration of the members of a culture.
Possible utopias imply prices to be paid and the exclusion of the aliens. Aliens are those who do not share the vision of the possibility.
These utopias are basic for growth and provide the necessary cultural context to sustain the culture without changing it. Thus they are natural to evolving leading cultures.
Challenging utopias foster cultural change. They are based on action and on expanding the boundaries of a culture.
They necessarily include illusory and hypothetical aspects in order to expand the possibilities of what can be done. Challenging utopias are driven by the heroes of cultures.
Evolving cultures and emerging cultures are driven by these challenging utopias developed by heroes.
Those cultures that have not solved their identity in their environment cannot accept authoritative roles and cannot “use” heroes to evolve. They fear the power of heroes and therefore they naturally transform challenging utopias into illusory utopias.
NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in complexity science research and became a private global decentralized leading research organization in the field of human adaptive systems. http://www.unicist.org