Economic Systems


Understanding the nature and consequences of Economic Freedom

This work deals with the conceptual structure of economic freedom and its integration with economic democracy. It includes no ideological considerations or influence. It is based on the unicist approach to complexity science, which uses a pragmatic, structural and functionalist framework.

Economic Democracy EthicsThere are prejudices and fallacious myths installed in the world dealing with the concept of economic freedom. Unfortunately, no literature could be found that approached economic freedom based on its concept to define its nature (the “stem cell” of economic freedom). The existing approaches are strongly influenced by ideological positions.

This introduction, based on an excerpt from the book “The Future of Democracy and Capitalism” provides a conceptual approach to capitalism, going beyond the beliefs deposited on facts by people to understand the nature and dynamics that define the present and future of Capitalism.

It can be said that Greece was the origin of political democracy in the West but was not an economic democracy because in those times the expansion of cultures was driven by military actions.

It can also be said that the United States of America are a paradigmatic example of evolutionary democracy that integrates social democracy, economic democracy and political democracy to manage the domestic affairs.

As an evolutionary democracy, the United States of America could be taken as a paradigmatic example of Economic Freedom and Capitalism. But Economic Freedom and Capitalism cannot be imported or exported. The unique structure of values that are implicit in a culture’s archetype are the demonstration that it is meaningless to copy any model to a foreign culture that has different structural values.

The understanding of the nature of economic democracy and capitalism allow defining the particular way in which a country can deal with economics and economic democracy considering its own characteristics.

Peter Belohlavek

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in using the unicist logical approach in complexity science research and became a private global decentralized leading research organization in the field of human adaptive systems. It has an academic arm and a business arm. https://www.unicist.net/economics/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/turi.pdf


How Economic Growth can be Fostered

The unicist ontology of economic growth defines that it is based on the action of a technological driver and sustained by the need to avoid scarcity.

If we describe the concept of economic growth, its ontology or fundamentals, we can say that economic growth is driven by technology, monetary circulation, competitiveness and scarcity.

Considering the active principle, that sustains the maximal strategy, technology is the purpose that must be achieved in order to make an economy grow.

This purpose is put into action by a consumer’s monetary circulation and sustained by value competitiveness.

The active principle of economic growth requires:

  • Technology: technology implies an improvement of the generation of added value with less energy consumption and less energy losses. Thus the economy grows in terms of increasing the available added value that can be traded in the community.
  • Consumer’s monetary circulation: is the necessary money and credit available to access goods for the mass population.
  • Value competitiveness: is the capacity to compete providing superior value and not based on cost advantages.

The energy conservation principle, that sustains the minimum strategy, requires the integration of a need to avoid scarcity, productive monetary circulation to finance the production of goods and services and price competitiveness in order to win markets based on price advantages.

Diana Belohlavek

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in using the unicist logical approach in complexity science research and became a private global decentralized leading research organization in the field of human adaptive systems. It has an academic arm and a business arm.
https://www.unicist.net/economics/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/turi.pdf


Conceptual Economy is a Macro-Micro Approach

This is a synthesis of the works on conceptual economy developed by Peter Belohlavek to provide a guiding idea of how to deal with real economy considered as a complex adaptive system. It is part of the conceptual model for country scenario building and forecasting.

Conceptual EconomyThe development of the conceptual approach to country scenarios, which included conceptual economy, started in the ’70s and its core aspects were finished in the ’90s.

It was triggered by the need to find a structural solution to the multiple failures in applying economic solutions to different countries. The objective was to find the concepts that allow adapting the systemic economy to the true drivers of economics considered as a complex system managing its unified field.

A) What changed?

  1. The expansion of countries is not based on military occupation anymore. The military became a dissuasion power.
  2. Democracy became the next utopia in the world, which established the basis for the era of participation.
  3. The existence of several expansive poles and the creation of the European Union.
  4. The transformation of economy into the driver for local and international expansion.
  5. The role of banks in the administration of monetary circulation.
  6. The influence of International Institutions to prevent or palliate local economic/financial crises.

B) What remained unchanged?

  1. The fact that the USA is the leading economy in the world.

C) What made conceptual economy possible?

  1. The discovery of the logic that underlies nature.
  2. The discovery that individuals’ actions are driven by the concepts they have which are cross-cultural and timeless.
  3. The unicist anthropological modeling of collective unconsciousness and the consequent country (cultural) archetypes.
  4. The discovery that the archetype of a culture and the concept of work it has, establish the context of the unified field in which economic behavior becomes possible.
  5. The discovery of ethical intelligence as the deepest driver of individual and social behavior and its consequences in economics.
  6. The discovery of thee concepts and fundamentals that drive economic behavior.
  7. The discovery that the concepts of macro and micro economic behavior are homologous.
  8. The discovery of the unified field of economics.
  9. The development of a logical solution that allowed transforming a conceptual approach to the complexity of economics into a systemic approach to deal with variables and cause-effect relationships.
  10. The discovery that extreme consumerism, extreme communism and authoritarianism foster over-adaptive behaviors and survival ethics and stagnant survival ethics.

To request more information please contact n.i.brown@unicist.org

Unicist Press Committee

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in using the unicist logical approach in complexity science research and became a private global decentralized leading research organization in the field of human adaptive systems. It has an academic arm and a business arm. https://www.unicist.net/economics/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/turi.pdf


Unicist Conceptual Economy – A Macro-Micro Approach

The development of country and business scenarios required developing logical tools to infer the future to make forecasts reliable.

In this framework, the unicist conceptual approach to economy was necessary to integrate economic behavior with the political and social scenarios, on the one hand, and with the cultural archetype, on the other hand, in order to define economic future forecasts.

Unicist Conceptual EconomyAfter 20 years of application the “Unicist Conceptual Economy – A Macro-Micro Approach”, by Peter Belohlavek, will be launched to provide additional tools to avoid or deal with economic / financial crises.

Conceptual Economy as a name and idea already exists. If you are interested, you can find it at:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conceptual_economy

The Unicist Research Institute uses the conceptual approach for scenario building to define what is possible to be achieved, while the systemic economy allows defining the probabilities after a possibility is given.
http://www.unicistinstitute.net/blog/

Time has come to disseminate this knowledge because now the unicist complexity science approach is leading in its segment, and conceptual economy is a complex issue that provides true solutions.
http://unicist.info/sdc-en/competitors/

On November 29, 2013 at 12:00 pm EST Peter Belohlavek will be lecturing on this subject as the first step of the presentation of the book.

The lecture is being promoted among members of the American Economic Association, the Chiefs of Economic Staffs of the Countries whose scenarios are being built (51 countries) and the members of our community.

Unicist Press Committee

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in complexity science research and became a private global decentralized leading research organization in the field of human adaptive systems. https://www.unicist.net/economics/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/turi.pdf


Democracy and Bottom-up and Top-down economic systems

Democracy is a bottom-up economic system but it has to be understood that ideologies and political power has to sustain social evolution and not the economic agents. This implies building a subtle equilibrium where economic agents drive evolution while political power ensures the present and future generations.

“Only by understanding the nature of a culture it is possible to design an adequate economic model that is adapted to such culture. An economic system can only work integrated within the values of a culture.

If it is not it will necessarily degrade towards dysfunctional trade-offs before it explodes or implodes.

In the world there are different levels of democracy. In the following pages you will find a description of the fundamental segments of democracy to be considered as an input and as a limit to define economic solutions in the public or private sector.

Democracy and economic models

To approach the problem, the first issue to be defined is the meaning of the word democracy.

Democracy can be described as the authoritative leadership of a group or community achieving consensus and efficiency, and making the necessary trade-offs in a context of evolution conflicts.

The concept of democracy can also be described from a participant’s point of view. In this case, the purpose to be achieved is efficiency, and consensus is a procedure to be used to make things possible.”

Access the content of the book “Fundamental Analysis: Growth Crisis 2008-2010” at the Unicist Library: http://www.unicist.com/books-pages/en/unicist_countercycle9.php

NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute was the pioneer in complexity science research and became a global decentralized world-class research organization in the field of human adaptive systems. https://www.unicist.net/economics/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/turi.pdf