The purpose of innovation is to overcome scarcity. Only people or cultures, who have the will, find the way to overcome scarcity: this is the cultural context that fosters innovation. The driver of innovation is human creation. The word creation is used in the sense of recreation. Humans create based on the existing energy.
The research on the process of innovation led to the ontological structure of innovation, which is defined as follows:
Four structural segments were identified. These segments of innovators are described as: Artisans, Technologists, Inventors and Discoverers.
The homeostatic function of innovation is freedom. This sounds paradoxical, because we define freedom as the path towards security to innovate. Innovation is sustained by internal and external freedom.
Cultures only develop innovations in the fields where such freedom exists. Censorship or self-censorship inhibits research and innovations.
That is why there are cultures where innovations are centered on arts or technologies, without entering the field of scientific innovation. Social capital, defined as the strength of the bonds among the members of a society, sustains innovations.
NOTE: The Unicist Research Institute has been, since 1976, the pioneer in complexity science research to deal with adaptive entities and became a private global decentralized leading research organization in the field of adaptive systems and environments. It was one of the precursors of the Industry 4.0 concept